History of Urdu Poetry

Urdu poetry, also known as Urdu shayari, history of urdu is a rich tradition of poetry and has evolved over the centuries in the Indian subcontinent. It is written in the Urdu language and has a strong influence of Persian and Arabic poetry.

History of Urdu Poetry

The history of Urdu poetry can be traced back to the 13th century when the Delhi Sultanate was established in India. During this time, many poets wrote in Persian, which was the official language of the court. However, with the rise of the Mughal Empire in the 16th century, there was a shift towards the use of the Urdu language in poetry.

One of the earliest and most famous poets of Urdu poetry was Amir Khusro, who lived in the 13th century. He is known for his use of the ghazal, a form of poetry that is still popular in modern Urdu poetry.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Urdu poetry saw a revival with the rise of the nawabs (rulers) of Awadh, a region in northern India. Many poets, such as Mir Taqi Mir and Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib, wrote during this time and are still considered some of the greatest poets in the history of Urdu poetry.

In the 20th and 21st centuries, Urdu poetry has continued to thrive and evolve, with poets such as Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Ahmed Faraz, and Parveen Shakir gaining widespread popularity. Today, Urdu poetry is an important part of the cultural heritage of the Indian subcontinent and is enjoyed by people all over the world.

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